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India’s Per Capita Water Availability Fell 15% Between 2001-2011

Mukta Patil,
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Per capita water availability in India dropped almost 15% over a decade to 2011, from 1,816 cubic meter (cu.m) to 1,545 cu.m in 2011.


It is projected to have dropped a further 4.6% to 1,474 cu.m between 2011-15.


A country is categorised as ‘water stressed’ when water availability is less than 1,700 cu.m per capita per year.


Projections suggest that per capita water availability will continue to drop to 1,401 cu.m and 1,191 cu.m by 2025 and 2050, respectively.



Source: Ministry of statistics and programme implementation

NOTE: Decadal population growth rate has been assumed as 12%. Therefore, population growth from 2011 to 2015 has been assumed as 4.8%.


(Patil is an analyst with IndiaSpend.)


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  1. Soumya Dutta Reply

    August 2, 2017 at 11:19 pm

    The per capita water availability was close to 5,000 cu.m in the 1950s. The water scarce status is 1000 cu.m or below, and India is steadily & surely heading for that – a scary thought.

    With the danger hanging over our heads, the government and industries keep happily promoting coal and nuclear power – two of the most water-intensive power sources.

    May be, they have planned that we can all eat electrical power cars – food production is of secondary or even tertiary importance.

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