Home » States » SOUTH » Kerala » Extreme State Kerala

Extreme State Kerala

Share with your friends


Kerala stateKerala, God’s Own Country, is a sharp study of contrasts.


* Out of a population of 33.38 million as per Census 2011, 16.02 million (48%) are males and 17.36 million (52%) are females. The state has a sex ratio of 1,084 (sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1,000 males) as against the national average of 940.


* The state has an urban population of 48%, and the per capita annual income (current prices) in 2011-12 was Rs 90,816 as against the national average of Rs 68,491.


* Sector-wise, services contributed 63% of the income while secondary and primary sectors accounted for 21% and 15%, respectively.


* Poverty rate has declined from nearly 34% in Kerala in 1993-94 to 12% in 2009-10 in both rural and urban areas. The state-specific poverty line for 2009-10 in Kerala was fixed at monthly per capita income of Rs 775.30, which is above the poverty line fixed by 23 other states. The corresponding figures for Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are Rs 629, Rs 639 and Rs 694, respectively.


* Kerala was the first state to report 100% literacy in a district, and now has a literacy rate of 94%.


*Life expectancy in Kerala is 74 years as against the national average of 63 years. The state has maternal mortality rate (MMR) of 81 per lakh live birth as against the national average of 212 and infant mortality rate (IMR) of 13 as against the all-India level of 47.


Now, the other side of the story.


* Kerala has the highest per capita consumption of alcohol in the nation- more than 1.76 gallons per person a year. Kerala is followed by Maharashtra and Punjab.


* There has been an increase in the rate of suicide from 24.6 per lakh (100,000) population in 2010 to 25.3 per lakh population during 2011.


* Kerala accounted for 158,989 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes during 2012 out of an all-India total of 2,387,188 – around 7%. And Kerala was the only state in the country with a high rate of IPC crime at 455.8 as against the all-India average of 196.7. (Rate of IPC crime means number of IPC crimes per one lakh population).


* Crime against public order and riot cases were the highest in the state; and 5 police districts in the state reported over 10,000 IPC crimes during 2012.


*Finally, Kochi reported the highest crime rate of 817.9 among the mega cities as against the national average of 196.7…


The question is – what ails the ‘Kerala model’ of equitable growth, which emphasised land reforms, poverty reduction, educational access and child welfare? Arguments in favour and against the ‘Kerala model’ have been on for quite a while. This should add grist to the mill.

  1. Dileep MP Reply

    July 5, 2013 at 3:26 pm

    Ive been to most cities and I can assure you that Kochi is one of the safest cities in India. If you doubt it please come and see for yourself. Also please note that the rate of murder and theft is far lesser than the national average. The high crime rate is basically because of the efficient police and the socially aware public.

    Please do not distort this into an argument against the Kerala model.

    • admin Reply

      July 7, 2013 at 2:54 am

      Thank you Dilip & Albert. IndiaSpend (perhaps in a somewhat extreme way too) sticks to data and does not comment or draw any conclusions.

      Thus there is no argument for or against the Kerala model. Your comments do encourage us to do a separate report/set of interviews where we would speak to experts to draw some insights as to the reasons why. But then, like in all such cases, we enter into the realm of relative subjectivity.

      However, you might be justified in faulting the data itself if you suspect the quality of collection or extraction. But there too, you should have some specific reason to back that up, preferably a counter-study or data collection exercise.


  2. Albert Reply

    July 7, 2013 at 2:09 am

    Don’t be dumb by reporting “high rates of crime”… Here, in Kerala people are educated and know the importance of filing cases. They do not fear as in other parts of India. Hence, the high percentage of “crime rate”. In other Indian states people are afraid to file FIR or the idiotic police structure prevent them to file the cases. Kerala may not be perfect but it certainly stands out of the pity league of indian states. Once you stay there for a year you’ll know…

  3. Vinu Reply

    July 30, 2013 at 4:14 pm

    Cant say I understand either Sen or Bhagavathy. But this is my 10 pisa worth of take:

    Sen – Govt should spend more on Heath,especially Women & Child health & Education. Within a generation or so, once almost everyone is educated, the masses will fix the issues of employment. This is what Kerala has done. It tried to fix education first, but then there was Jobs available for the educated, so they had to migrate to Gulf or other foreign countries. But once the masses where pretty much educated, they demanded jobs in Kerala & the Govt, both UDF & LDF moved to a more capitalistic growth model. Hence its creating more jobs in Kerala.

    Bhagavathy – Development comes first. Govt spends on infrastructure & other areas that will enable the business to prosper. This will create a trickle down effect that will bring out more & more people out of poverty. Once you have the money, you probably will get your kids educated. I think this is the Gujarat is doing.

    Either way, I believe, if done correctly, both will lead to a developed economy & prosperity. Even though, I think in Bhagavathy’s case, the results will be visible in a decade or so while a Kerala Mode / Sen’s model will probably take a generation to come round..

    May be there is a middle path, an Indian Model somewhere. For the sake of our country, I pray we find it fast…

  4. sree Reply

    August 3, 2013 at 3:56 pm

    Regarding Kerala topping the crime rate in statistics in India, I think the Kerala Police had clarified that most of the cases were non-serious ones, with cases for drunken and rash driving alone accounting for a large chunk of these. Also Kochi was much behind other cities in number of cases for serious crimes like murder, rape, kidnapping etc.

  5. Sebin Joe Thomas Reply

    September 23, 2014 at 6:37 am

    The main point shown against kerala is the crime rates.Thats because almost every crime is reported and an FIR is filed .That is not the case with the other states ,especially northern states.

  6. jay Reply

    August 1, 2016 at 4:06 am

    Your data may be correct but you can’t really analyse if you don’t know the detail.

    Citizens are concerned/worried about below crimes:
    1. Murders
    2. Rape
    3. Kidnapping
    4. Robbery

    Citizens are not worried much about rest of the IPCs. So, do analyse on above.

  7. Shine Reply

    May 22, 2018 at 8:07 pm

    Your data is correct but not your analysis on crime rate. The national average of crime rate will hit the roof if the Kerala model is followed in other states. Do you really believe 196.7 reflect the actual national crime rate?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *