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Fact Check: Is India The World’s 2nd Fastest Growing Economy?

Prachi Salve & Sanjit Oberai,
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The communications adviser to the Prime Minister’s Office, put out a tweet on 9th April, which claimed that “India is the second fastest growing economy in the world since 2004”.
An accompanying chart showed that India grew at an average growth rate of 7.28% during the period 2004-2014. The tweet obviously attracted a lot of attention with some accusing him of using manipulated data, etc.





































We decided to check the data available with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and here is what we found. The data used by Pachauri seems to be from a report written by IMF economist Juan Yépez who has used a specific set of countries in his report titled: “Spillover Feature: Should Advanced Economies Worry about Growth Shocks in Emerging Market Economies?


The report analyses the impact on advanced economies of growth shocks emanating from emerging markets, which ask questions like “How much would a widespread growth shock in emerging market economies today affect advanced economies’ output growth?”, among other questions.


The IMF report looked at a specific set of countries – France, Germany, Italy, Spain, U.K., U.S, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey. If we look at data using only these countries, Pachauri’s tweet is correct.


However, if we look at the overall global growth of countries, the chart uploaded by him can be misleading. If we took the average of growth during 2004-2014, India does not feature among the fastest growing countries. The fastest growing country is Qatar (13.49%) followed by Azerbaijan (12.19%) and Turkmenistan 11.49%), which are much smaller economies. Here, India ranks 21st on the list with an average growth rate of 7.27%.



  1. Shuaib Hussain Reply

    April 11, 2014 at 11:12 pm

    I think India is the second fastest large economy as in $500 billion + economy over the past decade.
    I’m not an Indian, but I don’t think this will continue for another decade – I think India will grow at around 5-7%. Which is equivalent of almost doubling the real economy. For an economy its size it’s pretty damn fast.

  2. Mayank Patel Reply

    August 3, 2014 at 2:21 pm

    True Way to Measure Growth or GDP:

    Real GDP = Nominal GDP – Inflation = 5% – 9% = -4% for India in 2012.

    Real GDP Formula is economics 101. It also removes bogus growth achieved
    by reckless govt. spending and currency printing. If Nominal GDP
    means prosperity then Zimbabwe, Venezuela and Argentina should be

    Obsession over Nominal GDP # is harmful. It’s time to change discourse from
    Nominal to real.

    Measurement is possible only with a stable unit of measurement. Inflation adjustment makes unstable Rupee measurement stable. Alternate measures are Growth in terms of more stable units like Avg. of Foreign Currency, or Avg. of Commodity price.

    • Sprinting Beagle Reply

      August 6, 2014 at 1:38 pm

      You appear confused. The figures here are all real GDP. Both charts are labeled “At Constant Prices”.

      There is no need to “change discourse”, as there is no nominal GDP discourse. GDP growth is almost always reported only in real terms.

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